The Wright Brothers
Orville and Wilbur Wright – brothers, inventors and aviation pioneers, made the first controlled powered and sustained heavier-than-air human flight on December 17, 1903 at Kill Devil Hills, North Carolina.
The brothers worked for many years developing the mechanical skills and solving the problem of flight, specifically, how to steer the aircraft effectively and maintain equilibrium. Their experiments and collection of data made it possible for the Wrights to design and build wings and propellers that were more efficient. Numerous glider tests followed, that not only helped them tweak the problems with the aircraft, but also provided them with pilot training they would need to fly.
The brothers searched for a place to test their ideas and equipment. They found this ideal location at Kill Devil Hills, then known as Kitty Hawk. They set up camp and began testing, first with the gliders from 1900 to 1903.